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Solomon Islands

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

Fiji

Tonga

Papua New Guinea

Samoa

Kiribati

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Nauru ( Republic of Nauru )
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1798 Discovered by the British, named Pleasant Island.
1887 German protectorate.
1888 Part of ( German ) Marshall Islands.
1906 Part of German New Guinea.
1914 Australian occupation.
1914 Part of the British Western Pacific Territories to 1921.
1920 League of Nations mandate ( to Australia, New Zealand, and United Kingdom; actual administration by Australia ).
1942 Japanese occupation to 1945.
1947 United Nations trust territory ( to Australia, New Zealand, and United Kingdom; actual administration by Australia ).
1968 Independence, Republic of Nauru.

@ 1887 1914 1921 1942

1945 1968 Now


Solomon Islands ( Solomon Islands )
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1568 Discovered by Spanish explorer Alvaro de Mendana Y Neyra.
1767 British mariner Philip Carteret entered Solomon waters.
1885 German protectorate over northern Solomon Islands ( Buka, Bougainville, Choiseul and Isabel ).
1893 British protectorate over southern islands ( British Solomon Islands Protectorate ).
1893 Part of the British Western Pacific Territories to 1971.
1899 Germany renounces claim over northern islands to Britain, but keeps Buka and Bougainville.
1942 Occupied by Japan to 1943.
1973 Autonomy
1975 Renamed Solomon Islands.
1976 Self-government
1978 Independence from Britain, Solomon Islands.

@ Unknown 1893 1947 1956

1966 1977  Now


Tuvalu ( Tuvalu )
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1819 American captain De Peyster named the main island in the group Ellice's Island.
1841 U.S. Exploring Expedition commanded by Charles Wilkes visited 3 of Tuvalu's islands.
1892 Part of the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
1975 Separate dependency
1975 Part of the British Western Pacific Territories to 1976.
1978 Independence from Britain, Tuvalau.

@ Unknown 1937 1975 1978

1995 1995 1997   Now


Vanuatu ( Republic of Vanuatu )
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1824 British protectorate declared ( contested by France ) to 1878.
1878 Neutral territory, British settlers under jurisdiction of the governor of Fiji.
1887 Rule by joint Anglo-French naval commission.
1900 French settlers under the jurisdiction of the governor of New Caledonia.
1906 Anglo-French condominium ( New Hebrides ).
1906 Part of the British Western Pacific Territories to 1976.
1940 French administration loyal to Free French to 1945.
1974 Independence of Tanna Nation proclaimed on Tanna Island.
1975 Northern islands proclaimed independence as the Federation Na Griamel ( not recognized ) to 1980.

1980 Tafea Nation proclaimed at Lamlu, in the center of Tanna.
1980 Independence, Republic of Vanuatu.

@ 1889 1906 and 1953 and

1980 Now


Fiji ( Republic of the Fiji Islands )
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1865 Confederacy of Independent Kingdoms of Viti ( comprising Bau, Bua, Cakaudrove, Lakeba, Macuata, Naduri ).
1867 Split into Kingdom of Bau and Confederation of Lau ( comprising Bua, Cakaudrove, Lau ).
1871 Kingdom of Viti ( Fiji )
1874 British colony.
1877 Part of British Western Pacific Territories to 1952.
1942 British military administration to 1945.
1970 Independence, Dominion of Fiji.
1987 Republic of Fiji declared.
1987 Declaration of republic accepted by Britain.
1990 Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji
1998 Republic of the Fiji Islands

2011 Republic of Fiji

@ 1862 1865 1867 1869

1871 and 1874 1893

1908 1924 1970 Now


Tonga ( Kingdom of Tonga )
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c.950 The first Tui'i Tonga takes office.
1773 Discovered and named Friendly Islands by British Captain James Cook.
1875 Kingdom of Tonga
1886 Declared to be neutral territory by the Congress of Berlin.
1900 Friendly Islands a British protectorate.
1900 Part of the British Western Pacific Territories to 1952.
1970 Independence from Britain, Kingdom of Tonga.

@ 1858 1862 1864 Now

Papua New Guinea ( Independent State of Papua New Guinea )
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1884 Germany proclaims protectorate over northeastern New Guinea ( German New Guinea ) to 1899.

1884 Britain proclaims protectorate over southeastern New Guinea ( British New Guinea territory ).
1886 British colony of New Guinea.
1906 British New Guinea passed to Australia and renamed Territory of Papua.
1914 Australian occupation of Bismarck Archipelago and German New Guinea.
1920 German New Guinea becomes League of Nations mandate ( under Australia ).
1942 Japanese occupation of New Guinea and part of Papua to 1943.
1944 U.S. military administration over North East New Guinea to 1945.
1945 Territory of Papua and New Guinea ( Australia begins joint administration ).
1946 UN mandate for North East New Guinea ( under Australia ).
1971 Territory of Papua New Guinea
1975 Independence, Independent State of Papua New Guinea.
1975 Secession of Bougainville to 1976.

@ 1884 1906 and 1921

1949 1962 1965 1970 1971 Now



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